Handling, storage, and use of compressed gas cylinders (click on the title to see the complete article)
When Handling, storing, and using compressed gas cylinders follow these seven general safety recommendations:
1. Know and understand the properties, uses, and safety precautions before using any gas or gas mixture. Consult the Air Products Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and Safetygrams for safety information on the gases and equipment you will be using.
2. Determine the appropriate equipment required to use the product and know how to safely operate the equipment.
3. Be aware of potential hazards and develop plans to cover possible emergencies. Use emergency drills to practice implementing these plans. Inform local hospitals, fire departments, and other emergency response organizations of the gases in use so that they, too, will be prepared in the event of an emergency.
4. Provide personal protective equipment (PPE) and the required training for its use. Require personnel to wear the proper PPE for each task. Locate other
safety equipment such as fire extinguishers, eye wash stations, and showers at appropriate locations. Thoroughly inform everyone about the hazards of the gases they are using and how to respond to an emergency.
5. Follow all national, state, and local regulations pertaining to the storage, use, and disposal of compressed gases and cryogenic liquids. This document highlights the recommendations set forth in ISO Standard 11625, “Gas Cylinders—Safe Handling.” In the United States, this document is published by the Compressed Gas Association as Pamphlet P-1, “Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Containers,” and has been incorporated into the regulations, making the contents of the document legal requirements in the United States, not recommendations. Other regional organizations such as the Asian Industrial Gases Association (AIGA),the European Industrial Gases Association (EIGA), and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) also provide guidance for the storage and useof compressed gas cylinders.
6. If you are unfamiliar with the hazards associated with a particular gas, contact your supplier for additional information.
7. Use appropriate equipment when handling portable cylinder banks. They have a high center of gravity, and extreme care must be taken during their movement. Portable banks may fall over when being moved if they are stopped suddenly by an object or crack in the floor.